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Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental economic organization with 35 member countries around the globe and its headquarters in Paris, France.

The OECD developed a Due Diligence Guidance document on Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas which intends to provide a practical guideline on how enterprises that are drawing on minerals can meet their responsibilities in areas of conflicts and high risks. Its objective to prevent the extraction and trade in minerals from having a catalyst or even causal effect on armed conflict and insecurity overlaps with the one of the ICGLR Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources. Therefore, the two organizations have agreed to cooperate and signed a partnership agreement in December 2011. Furthermore, the OECD Due Diligence on Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas was endorsed by the ICGLR Heads of State in the framework of their Special Summit held in Lusaka, Zambia on 15 December 2010. The collaboration between the ICGLR and the OECD focuses on the implementation of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance and the ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism, on the definition of joint auditing standards and on joint awareness raising measures. Since 2011, the two organizations, together with the UN Group of Experts on the DRC, have jointly convened eleven International Forums on Responsible Mineral Supply Chains.

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