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Regional Initiative against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources

Documents

ASM Formalization Guide in the ICGLR Member States

This guide is a compilation of practices on the basis of ToR commissioned by ICGLR and the active collaboration of main stakeholders in the ICGLR Member States and provides an informative overview of ASM sector mainly on 3Ts and Gold and attempt to guide the Governments on appropriate approaches to formalization of the lower-end of the sector segment, the Artisanal Miners, by drawing from lessons learned from past experiences in the region and elsewhere.

The guide is mainly intended to the Governments, especially entities responsible for the design and enforcement of laws or regulations. Other stakeholders and practitioners from NGO’s, development partners and civil society organizations (CSO) could use the guide to drive their contributions in the formalization efforts to ASM.

Best practices on the strategies to formalize the ASM sector in the ICGLR Member States

In the ICGLR region, ASM produce a variety of mineral commodities with prominence in terms of value to gold, diamonds, coltan and coloured gemstones. Thus, ASM contributes significantly to the economic development (not officially recorded) of the countries where it is practiced. In some countries, it constitutes the only mining activity and produce 100% of the mineral commodities. However, it is also known that the sector faces numerous challenges related to the informality of its economic streams; illegality; environmental disruptions; poverty; vulnerability to trade in conflict minerals; slavery and forced labour; child labour and human rights abuses in the mining camps. There are also gender and cultural barriers to the involvement of women into ASM.

 

General Overview of the ASM Legislations in the Great Lakes Region (Ethiopia and Ghana AS Benchmark Countries)

The present report discusses and compares the enacted mining codes/laws and regulations in the Member States and additionally for benchmarking the countries like Ethiopia and Ghana.

The context in which the report addresses the issue of ASM is mainly that presented in the law of each country, the paramount political approach to the sector, such as, whether the country clearly decided on promoting ASM or combating it will be discussed in the Guide per se, as this is key for implementation of the Formalisation Guide.

The report presents the definition options for ASM and compares the criteria for its definition. It also reviews the existing practices for the formalization of ASM with special attention to distinction between Artisanal Mining and Small Scale Mining with particular attention to licensing process.

 

ICGLR Strategy for Artisanal and Small - Scale Gold
The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), with the financing of Deutsche Gesellschaft Fur Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) commissioned Levin Sources to facilitate the development of an ICGLR Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) Gold Strategy. The Strategy is based upon extensive consultation with Member States and Gold sector experts.
Public consultation on the Draft of the Revised ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism

The ICGLR and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) have jointly commissioned a consultancy (led by Levin Sources and Responsible Trade) to revise the RCM Manual. The revision of the RCM Manual is also supported by additional partners including the Conflict Free Sourcing Initiative (CFSI), Public Private Alliance for Responsible Minerals Trade and USAID.

The ICGLR is committed to engaging external stakeholders in the revision process and are now ready to initiate a 60-day public consultation period on the draft revised RCM Manual (below). We currently invite your feedback. The consultation period for the draft revised manual is from 8th August, 2018 to 7th October, 2018. We invite stakeholders to submit any comments using the feedback form accessible online as an accompaniment to this manual. We request that all feedback forms be submitted to rcmrevision@gmail.com by October 7th, 2018

 

Factsheet on the ICGLR Third Party Audits
The ICGLR Third Party Audiy ( ICGLR Audit) system assures independant verification that the entire mineral Chain from site to exporter remains in conforme with ICGLR Regional Certification Mechanism (RCM). ICGLR standards have been completed harmonized with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Mineral  Supply chains of Minerals from Conflict- Affected and High-Risk Areas and the ICGLR Audit system is therefore aligned with the OECD Due Diligence Guidance.
ICGLR Model Law RINR
In the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration, the Heads of State and Governments of the
International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), namely Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia, agreed to seal a Pact on Security, Stability and Development. The Pact confirms the determination and commitment of Member States to “transform the Great Lakes Region into a space of sustainable peace and security for States and people, political and social stability, shared growth and development”.
Guidelines for Mainstreaming Gender in the Minerals Sector
In the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration of 2004, the Heads of State and Governments
of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR),
namely Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of
Congo, Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, and
Zambia agreed to seal a Pact on Security, Stability and Development, which
confirms their determination and commitment to “transform the Great Lakes
Region into a space of sustainable peace and security for States and people,
political and social stability, shared growth and development”.
The Pact on Security, Stability and Development For the Great Lakes Region
The Pact on Security, Stability and Development
For the Great Lakes Region, December 2006 Amended November 2012.
Protocol against the Illegal Exploitation of Natural Resources
We, Heads of State and of Government of the Member States of the International
Conference on the Great Lakes Region.
Lusaka declaration
We, Heads of State and Government of Member States of the International
Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) gathered in Lusaka, Zambia, on
15 December 2010;
ICGLR Certification Manual
MEMBER STATES,
RECOGNISING that the illicit trade in tungsten, tin, tantalum and gold (hereafter referred to as designated minerals) is a matter of serious regional and international concern, which can be directly linked to the fuelling of armed conflict and to the activities of armed groups engaged in illegal activity and/or serious human rights abuses;...
ICGLR Appendices to Certification Manual
The ICGLR Regional Certificate for Designated Minerals will function in much the same manner as the Kimberley Process Certificates for diamond exports. Only mineral shipments that can demonstrate “conflict free” origin, transport and processing will be awarded an ICGLR Certificate. All of the information listed below must be present on every Certificate.

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